New Passport Application

You must complete the original Passport Application Booklet, APS2E received from the Embassy of Ireland directly. Complete and return together with:

Two passport photographs (colour or black & white) – one of which must be signed and dated by the Commissioner of Oaths who signs, dates and stamps Section 9 of your APS2E application form.

The following documents will be required:-

If born in Ireland;

  1. Your original long form Irish birth certificate, i.e. showing names of both parents.
  2. If married, your original full civil marriage certificate. If married in South Africa, the vault copy or the “unabridged” computerised copy of this certificate.

If born outside of Ireland

  1. If you are born abroad to an Irish born parent, we require
    a) the long form Irish birth certificate of that parent;
    b) the marriage certificate of your parents and
    c) the vault copy or “unabridged” computerised copy of your birth and your marriage certificate, if your name has changed.
  2. If you claimed through an Irish born Grandparent, we require a) your Foreign Birth Registration certificate; b) the vault copy or”unabridged” computerised copy of your birth and marriage certificate, if your name has changed.

Please note: If applicant is under the age of 18 we require the long marriage certificate (if married in Ireland) of the parents or the vault copy or “unabridged” computerised copy of the marriage (if married in South Africa).

PROCESSING TIME: PLEASE ALLOW 6 TO 8 WEEKS TO PROCESS YOUR APPLICATION.

CONSULAR FEES:

(Please Note: if paying with credit card, please be so kind to enclose copies of the front and the back of your credit card. No transactions can be processed on an American Express and Diners Club credit cards. Applicants paying by credit card will be charged EUR75 (seventy-five euros) or equivalent in local currency.)

Standard 10 year passport
R640-00

Large 10 year passport
R850-00

Children under the age of 3 years (3 year passport)
R140-00

Over the age of 65 (10 year passport)
FREE

If the applicant is under 18 years, section 7 must be completed and signed by both parents and duly witnessed by a Commissioner of Oaths. In the case where the applicant is over the age of 7 and can sign his / her name – he / she must sign the APS2E form. (Section 8)

Additionally, from 26 October 2004, everyone, irrespective of age, will require a bar coded passport to be able to enter the United States without a visa. A visa will be required on a handwritten passport. Please note that only bar-coded passports will be issued. Please note that only the original APS2E form will be accepted.

SECTION 3 CITIZENSHIP
If the applicant was born in Ireland please complete A only.
If the application has Irish born parents please complete B only.
If the application has Foreign Birth Registration / Post Nuptial (through
marriage) or Naturalisation please complete C only

Please note: Form March 2004 parents will need to obtain individual passports for their children, irrespective of age, especially if there is a possibility that they may be travelling to the US in the future.

A vault copy or “unabridged” computerised copy is a photocopy of the original entry in the Register book held by the Department of Home Affairs. A vault copy will carry on it two pink stamps of the Department. One is the date stamp and the other states “certified a true copy of the original”

CONSULAR SECTION: PRETORIA

CHECKLIST: NEW/LOST/STOLEN APPLICATION

  • ALL RELEVANT SECTIONS COMPLETED OF THE APS2E FORM
  • 2 PASSPORT SIZE PHOTOGRAPHS (MEETING ALL REQUIREMENTS)
  • COMMISSIONER OF OATHS (ONLY LISTED IN SEC9) SIGNED AND
    DATED PHOTOGRAPHS (NOT STAMPED AT BACK) ALSO SIGNED DATED
    APS2E AND COMPLETED ALL DETAILS AT SEC 9.
  • IF APPLICANT OVER AGE OF 7 – APPLICANT SIGNED SECTION 8
  • CITIZENSHIP DETAILS COMPLETED IN FULL (SECT 3)
  • MAIDEN NAME OF APPLICANTS MOTHER
  • OLD PASSPORT *
  • FEE

ADDITIONAL TO ABOVE (IGNORING *)

  • BIRTH CERTIFICATE OF APPLICANT
  • MARRIAGE / FINAL ORDER OF DIVORCE OF APPLICANT IF APPLICABLE
  • PROOF OF CITIZENSHIP
  • FOREIGN BIRTH CERTIFICATE

OR

  • PARENTS LONG IRISH BIRTH – ORIGINAL CERT.
  • MARRIAGE OF ABOVE PARENT- ORIGINAL CERT.

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON THE QUALITY OF PASSPORT PHOTOGRAPHS

The Embassy would like to draw your attention to the website www.pasport.ie under the heading of e-passports.  On the site you will find a list of frequently asked questions in relation to biometric passports and also detailed guidelines for passport photographs.  It is most important that the standards for photographs are strictly applied in relation to all applications.  If these standards are not met, there is a risk that it will not be possible to general the electronic image of the holder and that the application will be delayed while a replacement photograph is provided.

In summary the photograph should be as recent as possible to ensure an up to date likeness.  They should be 45–50 mm in height and 35-38 mm in width.  It should be a close up of the face and top of shoulders with the face taking up 70%-80% of the frame.

Pose The head should be centred in the image with a frontal pose showing the full face.

Expression The expression should be neutral with open eyes and mouth closed.

Glasses, Head Covers and Clothing Glasses should be of clear glass and care must be taken to ensure that there is not a reflection of the flash in the glasses.  Only head coverings worn for religious reasons are permitted.  Uniforms should not be worn.  Facial features from bottom of chin to top of forehead and both edges of the face must be clearly shown.Infants unable to support themselves should be photographed lying down.  Hands etc. used to support child should not be visible.

Lighting, Background and Focus Photographs should be in sharp focus and correctly exposed.  No shadows or glares on the image or background that should be a plain off white without patterns.  It should have a good colour balance and no “red eye”.

Photograph Quality They must be printed on high resolution and with no ink marks or creases.  Digital photographs must be printed on photo-quality paper.  Reverse must be white and unglazed.

You will find comprehensive guidelines on the website www.passport.ie

Renewal of Passport

You must complete, in full, the original Passport Application Booklet, APS2E received from the Embassy of Ireland directly. Section 9 of the form should be witnessed by a Commissioner of Oaths who knows you. The completed form should be returned to the Consular Section of the Embassy together with:

  1. Two recent passport sized-photographs – colour or black
    & white – signed and dated on the back by the same Commissioner of Oaths who signs and dates your APS2E form.
  2. Your present passport (which will be cancelled and
    returned to you)

PROCESSING TIME: PLEASE ALLOW 6 TO 8 WEEKS TO PROCESS YOUR APPLICATION.

CONSULAR FEES:

(Please Note: if paying with credit card, please be so kind to enclose copies of the front and the back of your credit card. No transactions can be processed on an American Express and Diners Club credit cards. Applicants paying by credit card will be charged EUR75 (seventy-five euros) or equivalent in local currency.)

Standard 10 year passport
R640-00

Large 10 year passport
R850-00

Children under the age of 3 years (3 year passport)
R140-00

Children between ages 3 and 17 years (5 year passport)
R220-00

Over the age of 65 (10 year passport)
FREE

If the applicant is under 18 years, section 7 must be completed and signed by both parents and duly witnessed by a Commissioner of Oaths. In the case where the applicant is over the age of 7 and can sign his / her name – he / she must sign the APS2E form (Section 8). If the applicant is under 18 we require the long/vault copy or “unabridged” computerised copy of the parents’ marriage certificate.

If the applicant has been married and there is a name change since the issue of his / her previous passport, we require the vault copy or the “unabridged” computerised copy of the SA marriage certificate. If the applicant’s name has changed due to divorce or the spouse has passed away we would require either the final divorce decree or the vault copy or “unabridged” computerised copy of the death certificate.

Additionally, from 26 October 2004, everyone, irrespective of age, will require a bar coded passport to be able to enter the United States without a visa. A visa will be required on a handwritten passport. Please note that only bar-coded passports will be issued. Please note that only the original APS2E form will be accepted.

SECTION 3 CITIZENSHIP
If the applicant was born in Ireland please complete A only.
If the application has Irish born parents please complete B only.
If the application has Foreign Birth Registration / Post Nuptial (through
marriage) or Naturalisation please complete C only

Please note: From March 2004 parents will need to obtain individual passports for their children, irrespective of age, especially if there is a possibility that they may be travelling to the US in the future.

A vault copy or “unabridged” computerised copy is a photocopy of the original entry in the Register book held by the Department of Home Affairs. A vault copy will carry on it two pink stamps of the Department. One is the date stamp and the other states “certified a true copy of the original”

CONSULAR SECTION: PRETORIA

CHECKLIST: RENEWAL

  • ALL RELEVANT SECTIONS COMPLETED OF THE APS2E FORM
  • 2 PASSPORT SIZE PHOTOGRAPHS (MEETING ALL REQUIREMENTS)
  • COMMISSIONER OF OATHS (ONLY LISTED IN SEC9) SIGNED AND DATED PHOTOGRAPHS (NOT STAMPED AT BACK) ALSO SIGNED DATED APS2E AND COMPLETED ALL DETAILS AT SEC 9.
  • IF APPLICANT OVER AGE OF 7 – APPLICANT SIGNED SECTION 8
  • CITIZENSHIP DETAILS COMPLETED IN FULL (SECT 3)
  • MAIDEN NAME OF APPLICANTS MOTHER
  • OLD PASSPORT *
  • FEE

IMPORTANT INFORMATION ON THE QUALITY OF PASSPORT PHOTOGRAPHS

The Embassy would like to draw your attention to the website www.passport.ie under the heading of e-passports.  On the site you will find a list of frequently asked questions in relation to biometric passports and also detailed guidelines for passport photographs.  It is most important that the standards for photographs are strictly applied in relation to all applications.  If these standards are not met, there is a risk that it will not be possible to general the electronic image of the holder and that the application will be delayed while a replacement photograph is provided.

In summary the photograph should be as recent as possible to ensure an up to date likeness.  They should be 45–50 mm in height and 35-38 mm in width.  It should be a close up of the face and top of shoulders with the face taking up 70%-80% of the frame.

Pose The head should be centred in the image with a frontal pose showing the full face.

Expression The expression should be neutral with open eyes and mouth closed.

Glasses, Head Covers and Clothing Glasses should be of clear glass and care must be taken to ensure that there is not a reflection of the flash in the glasses.  Only head coverings worn for religious reasons are permitted.  Uniforms should not be worn.  Facial features from bottom of chin to top of forehead and both edges of the face must be clearly shown.Infants unable to support themselves should be photographed lying down.  Hands etc. used to support child should not be visible.

Lighting, Background and Focus Photographs should be in sharp focus and correctly exposed.  No shadows or glares on the image or background that should be a plain off white without patterns.  It should have a good colour balance and no “red eye”.

Photograph Quality They must be printed on high resolution and with no ink marks or creases.  Digital photographs must be printed on photo-quality paper.  Reverse must be white and unglazed.

You will find comprehensive guidelines on the website www.passport.ie

Student Visas

TUDENT VISA APPLICATIONclick here to download application form

Note: These requirements are intended to act as a guidance only and do not limit the discretion of the visa officer in determining individual applications.

They are subject to change as we continue in our efforts to provide a more efficient service to our customers. You should therefore regularly check for the most recent version, which will have the date of implementation in the top right-hand corner.

The following information outlines the minimum documentation you must submit with your application. Please read carefully and if you believe you meet all the requirements you should complete the Questionnaire at the end of this document.

This questionnaire should be submitted along with your Visa Application Form and ALL supporting documentation.

Original documents are required and must be in ENGLISH or accompanied by a notarised translation of the same.

All documents must be clearly legible. The Visa Officer will need to easily identify what they are and to whom they refer.

The Questionnaire must be fully completed and the Declaration signed by you.

Any unsigned declarations, false information, forged or fraudulent documentation will result in the refusal of your application and no appeal will be permitted.

The onus is on you, the applicant, to satisfy the Visa Officer that a visa should be granted.

The granting of the Student Visa does not entitle you to have any family members to join you in Ireland.

In applying for a Student Visa you must be able to show that:

  • You are enrolled on a privately funded course involving at least 15 hours of organized daytime tuition each week.
  • You have paid the requisite fees to the college.
  • You have the academic ability to follow your chosen course.
  • You have a level of English language sufficient to do so (except in the case of an application which is solely for an English language course)
  • You have immediate access to at least €7,000.  This is the estimated cost of living in Ireland for a student for one academic year.
  • You must also demonstrate that you or your sponsor has ready access to an amount of at least €7,000 for each subsequent year of your studies, in addition to the course fees for each of those years.
  • You have private medical insurance.
  • You can account for any gaps in your educational history.
  • Your intention is to return to your country of permanent residence following completion of your studies in Ireland.

There now follows an explanation of what will be accepted as evidence for the above requirements. Please ensure you read this carefully and submit ALL documents with your application.  Again, it is important that these are original, clearly legible documents, in English, or accompanied by a notarised translation. They should clearly indicate what they are and to whom they refer.

Evidence of Course

  • A Letter of Acceptance from the college, confirming you have been accepted and enrolled on a course of full-time education, involving a minimum of 15 hours organised daytime tuition each week.
  • This letter should specify the course you will be studying.
  • It should also confirm the amount of fees payable for your course, and that this amount has been paid.
  • If the college has taken out medical insurance on your behalf, details of this must be contained in this letter of acceptance.

NOTE: The educational and other credentials of a college will be taken into consideration by the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform in reaching a decision on a visa application. Recognition by the Department of Education and Science through ACELS meets these criteria in the case of English language schools. Please refer to the list of courses recognized by the Department of Education and Science on its website: www.education.ie

Fees

  • Where the course fees are less than €6,000, fees must be paid in full to the college, prior to applying for your visa. Evidence of the amount paid should be included in your Letter of Acceptance from the college.
  • Where the course fees are in excess of €6,000, you must pay at least this amount prior to applying for your visa, and evidence of this should be shown in your Letter of Acceptance.

Ability to Follow Your Chosen Course

  • You must provide evidence that you have attainted the necessary level of academic achievement required to follow your chosen course.
  • Such evidence will include – exam results, qualifications obtained and certificates proving this.

Level of English

  • You must show that you have the capacity to fully partake in your chosen course through the medium of English and satisfy the Visa Officer in this regard.
  • It is recommended that all applicants, regardless of nationality or educational background, undertake the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) English language test, and provide original certificate with your Visa application.
  • Other acceptable certificates will be those from an internationally recognized test such as TOEFL or Cambridge.
  • Failure to provide such a certificate may result in delays in processing your application, and possible refusal of same.
  • Submission of false or fraudulent certificates with your application will result in it being refused, and no appeal will be permitted.
  • Any certificate must have been issued within 2 years of the expected commencement date of your course.
  • The Recommended band scores are –
    • IELTS – minimum score of 5
    • TOEFL – minimum score of 173
    • Cambridge – First Certificate in English (FCE) or higher
  • These recommendations are subject to review pending advice from the Department of Education and Science.

(Students applying solely for an English Language course are currently exempt from this requirement).

NOTE: This is for immigration purposes only

If the English Language requirement of the College is higher than the scores above, you must meet the College requirements.

Short-term Preparatory English Language Courses

If you have been accepted on a specific course of studies, but you need, or are required, to complete a preparatory course of English prior to commencing your main course, the following requirements apply:

  • English language course must be short term, and not exceed a maximum duration of 6 months.
  • This course must be administered by the same educational institution, which is offering the main course of studies.
  • Clear evidence of this must accompany your application.
  • You must submit a detailed study plan, including the duration and dates of your preliminary English course, and details and dates of your main course of study.
  • Fees for both the English preparatory course AND the first year of your main course must be paid in full to the college.
  • Evidence of must this accompany your application.
  • English Language Requirements for Such Courses:
    • IELTS – minimum overall band score of 4
    • TOEFL – minimum score of 137
    • Cambridge – PET (Preliminary English Test)

Applicant who have not completed formal 2nd Level Education

  • If you are applying for a course of 2nd level educational studies, the requirements outlined above for the preparatory English also apply.

NOTE: 2nd level courses can only be undertaken in a private, fee-paying school or college.

Evidence of Finances

You must show you have sufficient funds to support your stay in Ireland without recourse to public funds, or the reliance on casual employment.

  • Fully complete the Financial Details section of the Questionnaire.
  • If you are being sponsored by another person or persons, you must list each person and give clear details of their relationship to you.
  • Give clear details of the financial support they will be giving you for the duration of your stay in Ireland.
  • Their bank account must show a good credit record for a minimum of six months immediately prior to making your application.
  • As you will be required to have a minimum of €7,000 available to you during the first year of your studies, your sponsor will need to show that this amount is available to support you AND that they have enough funds to maintain themselves and other family members.
  • Any lump sum lodgements made during the immediate three months prior to your application must be fully explained, with the supporting evidence provided.
  • For example – if such lump sum lodgement has come from the proceeds of a sale of property or encashment of Savings Certificates, Fixed Rate Deposit accounts, or any similar type sources, then clear evidence of this must be provided.
  • Where no evidence is provided your application will be refused.
  • You must also demonstrate that you or your sponsor has ready access to an amount of at least €7,000 for each subsequent year of your studies, in addition to the course fees for each of those years.
  • Evidence accepted will include a letter from your sponsor’s employer confirming employment details, plus 4 recent payslips. This letter should include contact details for the employer, including name, address and phone number (landline, not mobile).
  • If your sponsor is involved in business, evidence of this must be provided, such as a Certificate of Registration from the authorities in your country.
  • All financial documentation should clearly indicate what it is and to whom it relates.
  • All bank statements should include the name and address of the account holder and the account number.
  • They should also include full contact details of the bank – name, full address of branch where account is held, telephone number (landline, not mobile), email and website addresses (where available).
  • Where this information is not normally available on a bank statement, it should be accompanied by a letter from the bank, on official bank stationary, giving these details. Where a bank statement or a letter from the bank is submitted giving only a mobile phone, post box number as address, or an email address of Yahoo, Hotmail etc., this will not be considered as evidence of finances, and may in fact raise an issue of credibility over the whole application.
  • The statement should cover a six-month period immediately prior to your application, and show all transactions that have taken place during this time.
  • Handwritten entries or details on bank statements will not be accepted.

Medical Insurance

  • Private medical insurance cover is required.
  • Your college may arrange this on your behalf. If so, details must be included in your Letter of Acceptance from the college.
  • If it is not arranged by the college, you must organise this yourself and provide evidence with your application.

Educational and Employment History

  • You must provide full details of your previous education on the questionnaire.
  • You must submit all exam results obtained, along with your qualification certificates.
  • You must provide information to account for any gaps between your last period of full time education and your application to study in Ireland.
  • If any such gap in education has been filled by periods of employment, you must give full details of your employment history.
  • If your employment history or educational background have no obvious connection to the course you now wish to pursue, you must give a full explanation of why you are now embarking on a change of career.

Further Information You Must Consider

Passport

  • Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months after the expected completion of your studies in Ireland.
  • If you hold any previous passport, you should also submit this with your application.

Decisions

  • The processing times for Student Visa Applications vary depending on the volume on the applications lodged, and the time it takes for an application to reach the Visa section in Dublin from the Embassy in which it was lodged.
  • You should allow as much time as possible when applying for a visa but a minimum time of 8 weeks is recommended.
  • The Visa Section will endeavour to have application assessed as soon as possible.
  • Visa decisions are published weekly on our website – www.justice.ie. You can check a decision by entering the Visa Reference Number that issues to you.

Right of Appeal

  • If you are refused a visa you may appeal this decision within 2 months.
  • Appeals must be submitted in writing to: The Visa Appeals Officer, Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform, 13-14 Burgh Quay, Dublin 2.
  • Your appeal should fully address all the reasons for which your application was refused. Any additional supporting documentation should be submitted with your appeal for consideration.
  • You must quote your Visa Reference Number on your appeal, along with your name and nationality.
  • There is no fee payable for appealing a visa refusal decision.
  • There will be no appeal allowed if you are found to have given false or misleading information in any part of your application, or submitted false, forged of fraudulent documentation.

If you are granted a Student Visa

Arrival in the State

  • If your application for a visa has been approved, the Embassy to which you applied will affix a visa to your passport.
  • The dates entered on your visa indicate the dates between which you may enter the State.
  • It is important to note that a visa is a form of pre-entry clearance to the State only, and does not guarantee that you will be permitted to enter or remain in the State.
  • Immigration Officers at the point of entry are entitled to question any person on arrival. If they are not satisfied with the bona fides of any person, or their reasons for wishing to enter the State, they have the right to deny entry to any such person, despite the fact they hold a valid visa.
  • It is recommended that you have supporting documentation related to your course of study with you to present to the Immigration Officer on disembarkation from your flight.

Attendance at Course

  • You have been granted a Study Visa on the basis that you will attend school/college to partake in a course, which involves at least 15 hours of organised daytime tuition each week.
  • It will be necessary for you to show evidence of your attendance record to the Garda National Immigration Bureau when seeking to have your permission to remain in the State extended.
  • If you do not show a satisfactory attendance rate at your course you will not be entitled to remain in the State.

Registration and Permission to Remain

  • If you intend staying in Ireland for more than 90 days, it is a requirement that you register with the Garda National Bureau (GNIB) either at 13-14 Burgh Quay, Dublin 2, or the Immigration Officer in area in which you are residing.
  • Extensions of your permission to remain in the State to pursue your studies will only be granted if the Immigration Officer is satisfied with matters such as your level of attendance at your course, evidence of your accommodation, finances and medical insurance.
  • Permission to remain in the State is not usually granted for a period of more than a total of 18 months unless the student is attending a full time course of at least one year’s duration leading to qualifications recognized by the Minister of Education and Science – see website www.education.ie

Re-Entry Visas

  • The initial visa issued to you will be valid for a single entry to the State.
  • If you have a valid reason for leaving the State for a short period of time you must apply, in advance of making any arrangements, for a Re-entry visa.
  • You must be able to prove you will be continuing with your studies on your return to the State.
  • Before a re-entry visa can be issued, you must be registered with the Garda National Immigration Bureau.
  • For information on how and where you can apply for a Re-entry visa please link to ‘Re-entry Visas’ on www.justice.ie
  • It is your responsibility to ensure you have the correct visa (where relevant) for the country you intend travelling to.
  • NOTE: A visa must be obtained from the UK authorities prior to travelling to Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland consist of Counties Antrim, Armagh, Derry, Down, Fermanagh and Tyrone).

Entitlement to take up Casual Employment

  • Only students attending a full time course of education of at least one year’s duration leading to qualifications recognised by the Minister for Education and Science will be permitted to take up casual employment.
  • Access to employment is denied to all other students.
  • Casual employment is defined as up to a maximum of 20 hours part time work per week, or full time work during normal college vacation periods. Such work should not interfere with your course attendance, as failure to provide evidence of a satisfactory attendance record will result in refusal of any extension to your permission to remain.
  • The entitlement to casual employment will cease on completion of your college course.
  • The stamp placed in your passport by GNIB will indicate whether or not you are permitted to take up casual employment.
  • If you are in doubt about this you should check with GNIB before you accept any job offer.
  • Any breach of your visa conditions will lead to a review of your case and possible removal from the State.

Students Under 18 Years of Age

  • Any person who wishes to pursue a course of study in Ireland must be enrolled at a private fee-paying school or college.
  • The requirements outlined above will apply for all students.
  • Parental consent from both parents (where applicable) is required.
  • The granting of a visa to a person under the age of 18 years for the purpose of study does not give any entitlement to any other family member to accompany or join the student in the State.
  • Details of the person in whose care the minor shall be must be provided with the application.
  • The provisions of Part IVB of the Children Act 2001 will apply when examining such applications – see website: http://acts.oireachtas.ie/en.act.2001.0024.4.html

Click here to download Student Visa Application form

Main

Message from the Ambassador

Fáilte romhat

On behalf of the Embassy in Pretoria, I would like to welcome you to our website. I hope that you find it useful.

This Embassy represents Ireland in South Africa, Zimbabwe, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Our commitment to promote cordial relations and foster mutual understanding between the Government and people of Ireland and each of these countries is greatly supported by the longstanding presence of so many Irish citizens as integral members of the community in their adopted homes. The Irish community throughout Southern Africa is strong and thriving, and our work is made easy by the continuing activity of Irish associations, and the tremendous contribution of Irish religious and NGOs, in our countries of accreditation.

While the Embassy is located in South Africa, we represent all of you, and are here to assist with whatever queries you may have.

Finally, if you have any suggestions on how we might improve this website, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Go n-éirí an bother leat.

Ambassador Colin Wrafter.

WARNING: EU CITIZENS TRAVELLING TO SOUTH AFRICA WITHOUT AT LEAST TWO BLANK PAGES IN THEIR PASSPORTS – OR WITH PASSPORTS WHICH ARE DAMAGED IN ANY WAY – ARE LIKELY TO FACE IMMEDIATE DEPORTATION BY THE SOUTH AFRICAN AUTHORITIES